Abstract In this penultimate section the development of the ‘sterilisation’ of isolators used for sterility testing and aseptic processing will be reviewed. This will include the chemical agents used, the equipment to deliver and remove that agent (in a gaseous form), as well as agents used for manual wet processes and also fogging techniques with associated […]
Abstract The discussion in this part of the history of isolator and containment technology reviews the development and use of various devices that permit the aseptic transfer of components such as sterile vials, syringes, bottles and other types of container as well as the actual product itself into and out of the aseptic filling area […]
Abstract This third paper on the history of isolators describes the development and use of non-flexible film isolators including restricted access barrier systems (RABS). By non-flexible is meant that type of unit that has a metal or a rigid plastic structure. These are referred to as conventional isolators. Many of these models have been designed […]
Prefilled syringes offer several advantages over traditional packaging in vials. For example, microbial contamination is minimized due to less manipulation.This presentation discusses a method for sterilizing PFSs through a moist heat process, the most common and approved method used by pharmaceutical facilities for this type of products. The main issues to consider while sterilizing PFSs […]
This article is a technical support to the practice of autoclaving aqueous solutions in sealed containers. Two “classical” scientific contributions on the matter are due to Beck and to M. A. Joyce & J. W. Lorenz which are referred in the article. In this article, metric units (abs bar or abs mbar) are used for […]
The purpose of this Fedegari Technical Note, firstly distributed in 1988 and perseveringly revised, is to clarify the nature of F0 and its related parameters (D, z, PNSU/SAL), and to explain their use and limits for the setting, adjustment, control and validation of moist-heat sterilization processes. The F0 algorithm was first introduced in 1968 in […]
A case study of hydrogen peroxide penetration through the load packaging: a customer required support for «A Package Integrity Verification» which involved all the samples and consumables inside the Sterility Test Isolator.